STEMCELL blog

Is stem cell therapy a safe alternative to elbow surgery?

Overview

 Tennis elbow is a physically agonizing elbow condition arise when the joining tissues of the forearm muscles to the elbow gets inflamed because of excessive use of the elbow. Tennis elbow is a frequently reported elbow joint injury among the athletes specifically those who take part in racquet sports such as tennis, however, other intense movements can also bring several risks of painful elbow

Several cases of tennis elbow are treated well with physical therapy and NSAIDs. Though the painkiller drugs and physical therapy don’t produce the desired outcome, surgery is opted to cut off the inflamed tissue from the tendons or to repair the torn tendons of the elbow

Surgery for tennis elbow or injured elbow condition is not the best solution always as the recovery is as long as 3 to 6 months and  for many patients it brings several consequences including

  • Decreased mobility and range of motion in the elbow
  • Weakness in the forearm

In most cases, patients are usually advised to immediately stop the activity that cause elbow injury or pain, there are several alternatives to elbow surgery, however, the most fruitful is the stem cell therapy for patients experiencing elbow injuries from overuse of the elbow. The stem cell therapy serves the most rapid recovery without allowing the patients to discontinue their routinely activities

How stem  cell serves as an alternative to elbow surgery?

Stem cell therapy for elbow injuries, specifically the tennis elbow is an outpatient procedure and takes only a couple of hours to be completed. The process is carried with the harvesting of the stem cells from blood, fat tissues, or bone marrow. The stem cells have the ability to modify themselves into the type of cells required at the site of injury, such as muscles, tissues, tendons or cartilages to facilitate healing

After being harvested the stem cells are blended with the growth factors, including human growth hormones such as HGH to produce a higher combination of stem cells that are directly infused to the patient’s elbow with the guidance of an ultrasound. The injected stem cells quickly begin the natural healing process of repairing the torn tendons

When to expect the results?

Soon after being injected with the stem cell starts the healing process spontaneously, however the complete results will not be seen immediately. The patients will experience reduction in pain within a period of 3 to 4 weeks, and as the stem cells continue to repair the joints more relief from pain will be experienced by the patients

As an alternative to elbow surgery stem cell works wonders for injuries such as tennis elbow only a single dose of stem cell injection helps relieves pain and inflammation

For most patients, a single stem cell injection is all that is needed to heal their tennis elbow. For patients with severe damage, a second stem cell injection may be necessary after a month from the first injection. The number of stem cell injections will be determined after our orthopedic surgeons examine a patient’s elbow.

cristiano-ronaldo-injures-knee-euro-game-01

Cristiano Ronaldo had Stem Cell Treatment for Knees

You might have heard of stem cell therapy, but you should have also come to know the therapy is gaining potential importance among the celebrities for different medical requirements. The leading science utilizes the matured stem cells to facilitate healing by restoring and taking place of the torn and damaged tissues tendons and bones at the site of injury

Several and the remarkably apparent facts come from the world class athletes. Who is lucky to get exposed to modern sports therapy, stem cell therapy is the remarkable choice for the certain types of complications and injuries that athletes are likely to experience. Injuries in some parts such as knee can not be easily recovered, as the body rarely repairs the torn cartilage. With stem cell therapy the physicians are able to easily overcome knee injuries within a day. Nowadays the stem cell therapy is accepted as a treatment by the national football league rather than athletic enhancement

Stem cell therapy has acquired the limelight, when a world class quarterback player Peyton Manning has opted this treatment for severe neck injury in 2006. At that time the therapy has not been widely exposed, however,  Manning was quickly able to return to sports and played a lot more years very well
Stem cell therapy is certainly gifted for neck injuries as the neck is a delicate yet complex part of the body and can be challenging when it comes to treating injuries

The case of Cristiano Ronaldo

Christiano Ronaldo world class and most liked players of the European region received stem cell therapy for knee injuries. Ranaldo aged 31 years, got his knee injured during a match against Villarreal in 2016, the injury was initially suspected as muscle spasm, but a CT scan later proved it as a torn cartilage. Ronaldo had the same knee injury as Nadal had, back in 2014, they both underwent the same stem cell therapy and are now playing with the same zeal and class

How Stem Cell Treatment for Knees Works?

As in the case of Christiano Ronaldo’s knee injury; a sample of mature, healthy stem cells is taken from the patient’s blood  or bone marrow and is directly injected into the torn cartilage. The stem cells have the special ability to transform themselves into the damaged tissues to facilitate recovery. The treatment is non invasive and is an outpatient approach can be done within a day and allows the patient to carry on with the routinely activities soon after. The stem cell therapy does not bring any risks as associated with the other surgical treatments

STEMCELL blog

Raise the body’s natural ability to heal with PRP Knee therapy

A quick review of PRP Therapy?

Platelet rich plasma therapy includes providing platelets drawn from the patient’s own blood to regenerate and reproduce the deformed cartilages, torn tendons and impaired tissues. The PRP therapy is not only highly beneficial in restoring the torn tissues, but also stimulates the healing process and reduces pain. PRP Therapy for knee is known to be radical and innovative.

Platelet rich plasma is a combination of platelet cells that is taken from the patient’s own blood. As the blood is comprised of several components, including the plasma and the platelets also the red blood cells and the white blood cells, these platelets are the foremost to react in case of the wounds and injuries experienced by the body and aids in the regeneration and reproduction of  required tissues

PRP is endowed with natural growth factors and proteins that not only relieves pain, but also jump start the healing process. Since PRP has been introduced orthopedics have got the golden keys towards treating severe chronic pain and degeneration of the knee cartilages and tissues without any surgery. Hence providing patients with permanent and less painful remedy

The Procedure

The platelet rich plasma knee therapy is an outpatient approach and takes only few minutes to be carried out. The entire procedure is done in a physician’s clinic so that the patients might feel comfortable and the procedure is carried with efficiency and produces the desired results.

The PRP knee therapy is initiated  by drawing a little amount of blood from the patient’s arm or hand and directly placed into a high speed spinning centrifuge, the purpose of spinning is to separate the components of the blood, the platelet rich plasma is extracted and then injected directly into the injured knee. The PRP knee therapy is a speedy procedure consuming only 20 minutes with a rapid recovery. Soon after the therapy the patient is advised to take light physical therapy for a couple of weeks. Since the blood is taken from your own body there are no potential risks and complications associated for allergic reactions and non acceptance of the body

The promising outcomes of PRP knee therapy

The noticeable benefits of PRP knee therapy include;

  • Promote tissue healing (tendon, ligament, soft tissue)
  • Decrease inflammation
  • Decrease pain
  • Increase collagen production
  • Delay joint replacement surgeries

Complications associated with PRP

The most observed complication that has been caused due to the PRP injection treatment can be raised swelling and discomfort and pain after the injections, the pain may get worse for several days. If the patient is taking any inflammatory medications along with Platelet rich plasma knee therapy they must stop the use of such medications immediately as it may react and worsens the healing process. The pain can be minimized by  treating with ice or heating pad

STEMCELL blog

Is platelet rich plasma, a remedy for your ailments

Overview

Platelet rich plasma also known as PRP is an essence that is known to stimulate healing when delivered, plasma is an element found in blood that posses growth factors and proteins that facilitate blood clotting and regeneration of new cells. As the PRP is more concentrated than the normal blood, it is observed, by injecting the concentrated platelet rich plasma into the areas to be treated will increase regeneration of the new cells and quick healing

Application of Platelet Rich Plasma

Hair loss; PRP treatment facilitates hair growth and reduces hair loss when injected into the scalp

Tendon injuries; for chronic tendon problems, including tennis elbow, ankle sprains, jumper’s knee and patella tendon knee

Acute injuries; Treating temporary pains and injuries PRP treatment has worked wonders, injuries arising from sports such as muscle sprains ankle sprains and knee

Post operative repair: after surgeries PRP is injected into the site of injury in order to repair tissues and the torn tendons and ligaments such as rotator cuff tears

Osteoarthritis: PRP as compared to the steroid injections are more productive in the conditions of severe knee arthritis and osteoarthritis

Preparation and Procedure

Preparing the Platelet rich plasma injection is not a long procedure, it just takes a few steps

The blood is drawn from the patient’s body and spun into a high speed centrifuge for 15 minutes, so that the all the blood components, including plasma, red and white blood cells and platelets are separated, and concentrated to 3 times higher than the normal blood, the concentrated blood is then injected into the site of injury, X-ray guidance is used to direct the needle to the targeted area

Side effects

As there are certain risks attached with any procedure followed by injections, however, PRP involves elements that are drawn from the patient’s own blood, hence the risks of allergic reactions are minimal as compared to other injections with steroids.  Some commonly observed complication includes;

  • Infections in the injected area
  • Nerve pinching
  • Pain and swelling at the injection site
  • Tissue damage

Recovery

When PRP treatment is given following the injury or any surgical procedure the physician might advise you to rest the area, however you can also continue with your routinely activities soon after the PRP treatment. The PRP injections are responsible to provide you with instant relief, however the complete recovery process will continue for weeks to months

STEMCELL blog

What you need to know about knee replacement

Overview

A total knee replacement is an invasive therapy, by which the ailing knee joint is restored with an imitation substance. The knee is like a pivot joint that facilitate movement at the specific location where the thigh meets the lower leg. The thigh bone joins with the large bone of the lower leg at the knee joint  

How the procedure is performed

While performing the total knee replacement procedure, the edge of the femur bone is detached and restored with a metal covering, the  edge of the lower leg bone is also evacuated and restored with a transmitting plastic material with a metal support. A plastic button may also be joined beneath the kneecap depending on the condition of the knee joint. The imitation substance of the knee joint is called prosthesis

The back cross tendons are tissues that usually balances both the sides of the knee joint so that the lower leg might not be able to glide backward with the thigh bone, in the total knee replacement surgery the certain ligaments are restored, aborted or replaced by polyethylene substance. The total knee replacement is available with a variety of alternates along with certain side effects and benefits

Consideration for total knee replacement

The total knee replacement is ideal for candidates whose knee joints are degenerated by arthritis, sudden fall or any other orthopedic disease. The most reported cause of opting total knee replacement is the osteoarthritis of the knees

Despite of the cause the symptoms of intolerable pain and decreased mobility, hindrances in the routinely tasks encourage sufferers to consider the option of total knee replacement. Taking a decision for total knee replacement is not convenient enough. The patients should consider the potential risks as well as the benefits of  the total knee replacement procedure

What are the risks of undergoing a total knee replacement?

 

As with the surgery,there are several risks attached. The total knee replacement also brings some potential risks that cannot be neglected which include

  • Blood clots
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain which may lead to shock
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Knee pain
  • Liver damage

 

Post operative care

Soon after the surgery, ensure the following post operative care procedures

  • Participate in light exercises
  • Take special protection against injury and fall
  • Visit the orthopedic in a month
  • Before any dental procedure make sure you take a visit with you knee surgeon
STEMCELL blog

Get rid of the hip joint pain with stem cell therapy

When the tissues are damaged, the degenerative process overtake the regenerative process, affecting the formation that becomes feeble, painful and immobilized. The stem cells are of several kinds, thought the stem cells that are specifically for healing the torn tendons, muscle, ligaments cartilage and bones are harvested from the bone marrow

The stem cells therapy for hip joint pain

The stem cell therapy is a non surgical procedure and can be done within a few hours, that produces the workable choice for the patients facing surgery for hip joint or hip joint replacement. With the less painful stem cell therapy the patient’s quickly return to their normal routine soon after the procedure, the stem cell allows the patients to prevent from painful and long term recovery periods after a hip joint surgery and aid in regaining strength, flexibility and increased range of motion. The stem cell therapy facilitates patients to become less accessible to severe risk associated traumatic hip joint surgeries such as infections and blood clots

How Are The Stem Cells Obtained?

As the human body is active in supply of stem cells to heal any injury or damage caused by the degeneration of tissues, hence it becomes adequately simple to harvest them for therapeutic purpose, these stem cells are stored in the marrow capacity of your bones, for the purpose of harvesting the stem cell the hip  bone is most appropriate. The process is done in the physician’s office under the guidance of an ultrasound or X-ray to attain accuracy. The patient is guided to lay on the stomach as the physician thoroughly cleans the area to be treated before the numbing of the skin and the hip bone, a special type of needle is infused into the bone to take the blood from bone marrow, which contains the stem cells, these injections are well tolerable for the patients and are not taken as painful. The taken blood is spun in a high speed centrifuge where the stem cells are concentrated and the cells that are not needed are separated. The concentrated cells are injected again in the hip joint to facilitate healing in 3 to 5 days

Conclusion

If you are experiencing chronic hip joint pain, hip joint injury or any symptoms of osteoarthritis you are a good candidate for stem cell therapy in the hip joint

STEMCELL blog

Elbow surgery and recommendations

Elbow surgery has been performed since the 1980’s. It has made identification of the problem, treatment and rehabilitation from surgery painless and quick, which was once considered impossible, improvements to elbow surgery are done every year as devices and methodology are developed

Anatomy of the elbow

The elbow is a complicated joint assembled by the joining of three bones;

  • The upper arm bone
  • Forearm bone on the pinky finger side
  • Forearm bone on the thumb side

The exterior of the bones where they connect to assemble the elbow joint, are covered with articular cartilage, a soft smooth material that protects the bones and performs as a  natural cushion to govern the friction caused by the movement in the joints, another thin and slippery layer called the synovial membrane covers the remaining part of the elbow joint, in a good conditioned elbow this membrane produces a small amount of fluid that helps in lubricating the cartilage and minimizes the friction as you move and bend your arm

In the interiors and exteriors of the elbow joint there are thicker ligaments called the collateral ligaments that hold the elbow joints together and prevent from dislocation

The rest of the elbow joint is encircled with muscles and tendons on the front and back side, additionally, the three major nerves that passes the elbow joint are placed close to the elbow joint and must be taken care of during the elbow surgery

The elbow joint facilitates two basic functions, bending and extending and  the forearm rotation

Normal bending and the extending action happens by  connecting the ulna and the radius and is also supported by muscles and tendons passing down the forearm and the wrist joint

When Elbow surgery is recommended

The physician might recommend elbow surgery if you have a chronic elbow pain that does not respond to any traditional  and non surgical treatments, the treatments may include rest, physical therapy, pain killers and steroid injections that reduce inflammation and swelling

Sudden injuries and overuse or other age related problems may result in painful elbow joints and problems, elbow surgery may relieve pain related conditions and other problems that damage the cartilage exterior and other soft tissues encircling the joint

Elbow surgery is also recommended to extract loose pieces of the bone and cartilage, or clear away scar tissues that are blocking the movement

Common elbow surgery procedures include:

  • Treatment of tennis elbow
  • Removal of loose bodies
  • Release of scar tissue to improve range of motion
  • Treatment of osteoarthritis
  • Treatment of rheumatoid arthritis
STEMCELL blog

Possible choices to knee surgery

Before opting for knee surgery, you might work for several alternatives to relieve pain and swelling in  your knee

Behavior change

The initial alternative to knee surgery that is recommended by most of the physicians is behavior change towards the way of living, the behavior change activities may include weight loss, prevention from intense activities such as running, twisting or such activities that trigger knee pain and injury. Change in activities and reducing the stress on your knee might aid in relieving pain

Physical therapy

Light workout and physical therapy may be taken to strengthen tissues and improve mobility, workout may include muscle strengthening activities such as riding and stretching exercises, workout may restore your muscles and relieve pain

Medications

Knee arthritis is  caused by inflammation in the knee joint as the bones rub against each other because of the damaged cartilage tissues, reducing the swelling and damage of the tissues in the knee can give temporary comfort from pain and knee surgery can be delayed

Anti inflammatory drugs such as NSAID is prescribed to reduce inflammation of the joint. Other options may be Platelet rich plasma injections and steroid injections by injecting the agents directly into the inflamed joint

Joint fluid therapy

Drug therapies may have side effects and since the pain killers are only able to reduce pain to a certain limit

The Joint fluid therapy procedure is carried by introducing a series of injections directly into the knee joint. The therapy intends to improve greasing in the knee by replacing the synovial fluid that helps in lubrication of the knee. These treatments are ideal for candidates who have failed to treat arthritis from pain killers and physical therapy

Bracing

Wearing a brace may provide external support to the knee joint. Braces are instruments made of plastic, metal, leather or foam and are specifically designed to support knee joint, minimize pain and swelling. And strengthen the muscles of the knee. The braces put pressure on the surface of the knee allowing the joint to reorganize, which consequently cut back the friction between the bones and minimize pain and increase motion

Conclusion

There are several non surgical options for treating knee pain and arthritis, these methods can delay knee surgery  by granting short term relief. However, the drug therapy is concerned with several side effects

Non surgical procedures may also have limited results compared to the long-term results of knee surgery.

STEMCELL blog

Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) one solution to many problems

Overview

Blood is composed of liquid called plasma. The plasma contains small solid components, red cells, white cells and platelets, the platelets are known as the best component for the clotting of blood, along with these platelets contain several growth factors and proteins that are very important in the healing of injuries

Platelet rich plasma is 5 to 10 times more concentrated with the growth factors as compared to the normal blood

To prepare the PRP, blood is harvested from the patient’s body, the platelets are separated from other blood elements and is concentrated by spinning in a centrifuge, the process of preparing PRP is called centrifugation, the processed blood is then combined with the other blood components and injected into the affected area of the patient’s body

How Does PRP Work?

The growth factors in Platelet Rich Plasma have proved to be beneficial in boosting up the healing process

The PRP combined with a local anesthetic  is injected directly into the damaged tissues and tendons. For the initial few weeks the patient may experience increased pain, however the pain fades afterwards and the candidate will experience are minimized pain and increased mobility

Another method of using the PRP injection is after surgery for some injuries,

For instance:

An athlete having a completely torn heel tissue might require  surgery to repair the tendons, healing of the torn tendon might improve by treating it PRP, hence for this indication PRP is prepared  in a specialized manner that allows it to stitch into the torn ligaments

 

What Conditions are Treated with PRP? Is It Effective?

The effectiveness of platelet rich plasma depends upon the;

  • The area of the body that is to be treated
  • The overall health of the candidate
  • The type of injury, whether it is acute such as from a fall or chronic an injury developed over time

 

Conditions that are well treated with Platelet Rich Plasma therapy   

  • Chronic Tendon Injuries
  • Acute Ligament and Muscle Injuries
  • Surgery
  • Knee Arthritis
  • Fractures

 

Conclusion

Platelet rich plasma is a cutting edge therapy, however, recent research is not able to derive the actual effectiveness of Platelet rich plasma, since PRP has appeared to be highly effective in treating chronic and acute pain, caused by muscles and tendon injury, though the research is being conducted to determine the effectiveness of Platelet rich plasma in other conditions. The success of Platelet rich plasma therapy is still ambiguous

The risks attached with the platelet rich plasma therapy are  negligible since your own blood is utilized, there is no such risk of a reaction from the body. For initial few days there might be increased pain at the injection site, tissue damage, infections and nerve injuries are associated with the injection

STEMCELL BLOG

How stem cells are effective in shoulder pain

The people who experience shoulder pain, there is a leading edge therapy that offers the patient’s to get rid of chronic shoulder pain and regain the movement of the shoulder without any surgical approach and long termed physical therapy, by combining the established medicines with regenerative medicines, body’s natural ability to heal the damaged tissues and joints can be utilized to ease shoulder pain and help reclaim mobility with in least recovery time  as compared to the surgery

How Stem Cell Injections work For Shoulder Pain

The stem cell injections for shoulder pain is a procedure that only takes a few hours to complete hence the patient does not need to stay at the hospital for the whole night

The procedure starts with collecting the stem cell from the patient’s bone marrow, as the stem cells have the ability to heal the body naturally, they can easily reconstruct and remodel themselves into the type of cells and tissues that are critically required at the site of damaged joints and muscles in the shoulder

Once the stem cells are collected centrifugation is done to enrich the stem cells with the regenerative properties, then the stem cells are injected directly into the affected area of the shoulder, with the help of an x-ray or ultrasound to guide the needle into the correct place, soon after the cells are injected the process of healing the joints and tissues in the shoulder starts and the patient is allowed to return home

In most cases the patients get satisfied with a single stem cell injections and the pain is quickly relieved and never returns for the rest of the life, but in rare cases, if the shoulders are severely damaged more stem cell injections are required, along with  the stem cell injection PRP injections are also given to re energize the stem cell and increase the healing process

Conditions Treated By Stem Cell Injections

The shoulder conditions and injuries that are successfully treated with stem cell therapy are;

  • Rotator cuff
  • Biceps tendinosis
  • Chronic ligament sprain

When Do I See Results?

The results for stem cell injections are not noticeable at the initial stage, but it will take time for the shoulder  to heal properly, commonly the responses are seen within three weeks, most patients will experience pain relief, the pain will completely reduce within a couple of months as the stem cells are working on healing the shoulder