Is platelet rich plasma, a remedy for your ailments


Platelet rich plasma also known as PRP is an essence that is known to stimulate healing when delivered, plasma is an element found in blood that posses growth factors and proteins that facilitate blood clotting and regeneration of new cells. As the PRP is more concentrated than the normal blood, it is observed, by injecting the concentrated platelet rich plasma into the areas to be treated will increase regeneration of the new cells and quick healing

Application of Platelet Rich Plasma

Hair loss; PRP treatment facilitates hair growth and reduces hair loss when injected into the scalp

Tendon injuries; for chronic tendon problems, including tennis elbow, ankle sprains, jumper’s knee and patella tendon knee

Acute injuries; Treating temporary pains and injuries PRP treatment has worked wonders, injuries arising from sports such as muscle sprains ankle sprains and knee

Post operative repair: after surgeries PRP is injected into the site of injury in order to repair tissues and the torn tendons and ligaments such as rotator cuff tears

Osteoarthritis: PRP as compared to the steroid injections are more productive in the conditions of severe knee arthritis and osteoarthritis

Preparation and Procedure

Preparing the Platelet rich plasma injection is not a long procedure, it just takes a few steps

The blood is drawn from the patient’s body and spun into a high speed centrifuge for 15 minutes, so that the all the blood components, including plasma, red and white blood cells and platelets are separated, and concentrated to 3 times higher than the normal blood, the concentrated blood is then injected into the site of injury, X-ray guidance is used to direct the needle to the targeted area

Side effects

As there are certain risks attached with any procedure followed by injections, however, PRP involves elements that are drawn from the patient’s own blood, hence the risks of allergic reactions are minimal as compared to other injections with steroids.  Some commonly observed complication includes;

  • Infections in the injected area
  • Nerve pinching
  • Pain and swelling at the injection site
  • Tissue damage


When PRP treatment is given following the injury or any surgical procedure the physician might advise you to rest the area, however you can also continue with your routinely activities soon after the PRP treatment. The PRP injections are responsible to provide you with instant relief, however the complete recovery process will continue for weeks to months


What you need to know about knee replacement


A total knee replacement is an invasive therapy, by which the ailing knee joint is restored with an imitation substance. The knee is like a pivot joint that facilitate movement at the specific location where the thigh meets the lower leg. The thigh bone joins with the large bone of the lower leg at the knee joint  

How the procedure is performed

While performing the total knee replacement procedure, the edge of the femur bone is detached and restored with a metal covering, the  edge of the lower leg bone is also evacuated and restored with a transmitting plastic material with a metal support. A plastic button may also be joined beneath the kneecap depending on the condition of the knee joint. The imitation substance of the knee joint is called prosthesis

The back cross tendons are tissues that usually balances both the sides of the knee joint so that the lower leg might not be able to glide backward with the thigh bone, in the total knee replacement surgery the certain ligaments are restored, aborted or replaced by polyethylene substance. The total knee replacement is available with a variety of alternates along with certain side effects and benefits

Consideration for total knee replacement

The total knee replacement is ideal for candidates whose knee joints are degenerated by arthritis, sudden fall or any other orthopedic disease. The most reported cause of opting total knee replacement is the osteoarthritis of the knees

Despite of the cause the symptoms of intolerable pain and decreased mobility, hindrances in the routinely tasks encourage sufferers to consider the option of total knee replacement. Taking a decision for total knee replacement is not convenient enough. The patients should consider the potential risks as well as the benefits of  the total knee replacement procedure

What are the risks of undergoing a total knee replacement?


As with the surgery,there are several risks attached. The total knee replacement also brings some potential risks that cannot be neglected which include

  • Blood clots
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain which may lead to shock
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Knee pain
  • Liver damage


Post operative care

Soon after the surgery, ensure the following post operative care procedures

  • Participate in light exercises
  • Take special protection against injury and fall
  • Visit the orthopedic in a month
  • Before any dental procedure make sure you take a visit with you knee surgeon

Get rid of the hip joint pain with stem cell therapy

When the tissues are damaged, the degenerative process overtake the regenerative process, affecting the formation that becomes feeble, painful and immobilized. The stem cells are of several kinds, thought the stem cells that are specifically for healing the torn tendons, muscle, ligaments cartilage and bones are harvested from the bone marrow

The stem cells therapy for hip joint pain

The stem cell therapy is a non surgical procedure and can be done within a few hours, that produces the workable choice for the patients facing surgery for hip joint or hip joint replacement. With the less painful stem cell therapy the patient’s quickly return to their normal routine soon after the procedure, the stem cell allows the patients to prevent from painful and long term recovery periods after a hip joint surgery and aid in regaining strength, flexibility and increased range of motion. The stem cell therapy facilitates patients to become less accessible to severe risk associated traumatic hip joint surgeries such as infections and blood clots

How Are The Stem Cells Obtained?

As the human body is active in supply of stem cells to heal any injury or damage caused by the degeneration of tissues, hence it becomes adequately simple to harvest them for therapeutic purpose, these stem cells are stored in the marrow capacity of your bones, for the purpose of harvesting the stem cell the hip  bone is most appropriate. The process is done in the physician’s office under the guidance of an ultrasound or X-ray to attain accuracy. The patient is guided to lay on the stomach as the physician thoroughly cleans the area to be treated before the numbing of the skin and the hip bone, a special type of needle is infused into the bone to take the blood from bone marrow, which contains the stem cells, these injections are well tolerable for the patients and are not taken as painful. The taken blood is spun in a high speed centrifuge where the stem cells are concentrated and the cells that are not needed are separated. The concentrated cells are injected again in the hip joint to facilitate healing in 3 to 5 days


If you are experiencing chronic hip joint pain, hip joint injury or any symptoms of osteoarthritis you are a good candidate for stem cell therapy in the hip joint


Elbow surgery and recommendations

Elbow surgery has been performed since the 1980’s. It has made identification of the problem, treatment and rehabilitation from surgery painless and quick, which was once considered impossible, improvements to elbow surgery are done every year as devices and methodology are developed

Anatomy of the elbow

The elbow is a complicated joint assembled by the joining of three bones;

  • The upper arm bone
  • Forearm bone on the pinky finger side
  • Forearm bone on the thumb side

The exterior of the bones where they connect to assemble the elbow joint, are covered with articular cartilage, a soft smooth material that protects the bones and performs as a  natural cushion to govern the friction caused by the movement in the joints, another thin and slippery layer called the synovial membrane covers the remaining part of the elbow joint, in a good conditioned elbow this membrane produces a small amount of fluid that helps in lubricating the cartilage and minimizes the friction as you move and bend your arm

In the interiors and exteriors of the elbow joint there are thicker ligaments called the collateral ligaments that hold the elbow joints together and prevent from dislocation

The rest of the elbow joint is encircled with muscles and tendons on the front and back side, additionally, the three major nerves that passes the elbow joint are placed close to the elbow joint and must be taken care of during the elbow surgery

The elbow joint facilitates two basic functions, bending and extending and  the forearm rotation

Normal bending and the extending action happens by  connecting the ulna and the radius and is also supported by muscles and tendons passing down the forearm and the wrist joint

When Elbow surgery is recommended

The physician might recommend elbow surgery if you have a chronic elbow pain that does not respond to any traditional  and non surgical treatments, the treatments may include rest, physical therapy, pain killers and steroid injections that reduce inflammation and swelling

Sudden injuries and overuse or other age related problems may result in painful elbow joints and problems, elbow surgery may relieve pain related conditions and other problems that damage the cartilage exterior and other soft tissues encircling the joint

Elbow surgery is also recommended to extract loose pieces of the bone and cartilage, or clear away scar tissues that are blocking the movement

Common elbow surgery procedures include:

  • Treatment of tennis elbow
  • Removal of loose bodies
  • Release of scar tissue to improve range of motion
  • Treatment of osteoarthritis
  • Treatment of rheumatoid arthritis

Possible choices to knee surgery

Before opting for knee surgery, you might work for several alternatives to relieve pain and swelling in  your knee

Behavior change

The initial alternative to knee surgery that is recommended by most of the physicians is behavior change towards the way of living, the behavior change activities may include weight loss, prevention from intense activities such as running, twisting or such activities that trigger knee pain and injury. Change in activities and reducing the stress on your knee might aid in relieving pain

Physical therapy

Light workout and physical therapy may be taken to strengthen tissues and improve mobility, workout may include muscle strengthening activities such as riding and stretching exercises, workout may restore your muscles and relieve pain


Knee arthritis is  caused by inflammation in the knee joint as the bones rub against each other because of the damaged cartilage tissues, reducing the swelling and damage of the tissues in the knee can give temporary comfort from pain and knee surgery can be delayed

Anti inflammatory drugs such as NSAID is prescribed to reduce inflammation of the joint. Other options may be Platelet rich plasma injections and steroid injections by injecting the agents directly into the inflamed joint

Joint fluid therapy

Drug therapies may have side effects and since the pain killers are only able to reduce pain to a certain limit

The Joint fluid therapy procedure is carried by introducing a series of injections directly into the knee joint. The therapy intends to improve greasing in the knee by replacing the synovial fluid that helps in lubrication of the knee. These treatments are ideal for candidates who have failed to treat arthritis from pain killers and physical therapy


Wearing a brace may provide external support to the knee joint. Braces are instruments made of plastic, metal, leather or foam and are specifically designed to support knee joint, minimize pain and swelling. And strengthen the muscles of the knee. The braces put pressure on the surface of the knee allowing the joint to reorganize, which consequently cut back the friction between the bones and minimize pain and increase motion


There are several non surgical options for treating knee pain and arthritis, these methods can delay knee surgery  by granting short term relief. However, the drug therapy is concerned with several side effects

Non surgical procedures may also have limited results compared to the long-term results of knee surgery.


Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) one solution to many problems


Blood is composed of liquid called plasma. The plasma contains small solid components, red cells, white cells and platelets, the platelets are known as the best component for the clotting of blood, along with these platelets contain several growth factors and proteins that are very important in the healing of injuries

Platelet rich plasma is 5 to 10 times more concentrated with the growth factors as compared to the normal blood

To prepare the PRP, blood is harvested from the patient’s body, the platelets are separated from other blood elements and is concentrated by spinning in a centrifuge, the process of preparing PRP is called centrifugation, the processed blood is then combined with the other blood components and injected into the affected area of the patient’s body

How Does PRP Work?

The growth factors in Platelet Rich Plasma have proved to be beneficial in boosting up the healing process

The PRP combined with a local anesthetic  is injected directly into the damaged tissues and tendons. For the initial few weeks the patient may experience increased pain, however the pain fades afterwards and the candidate will experience are minimized pain and increased mobility

Another method of using the PRP injection is after surgery for some injuries,

For instance:

An athlete having a completely torn heel tissue might require  surgery to repair the tendons, healing of the torn tendon might improve by treating it PRP, hence for this indication PRP is prepared  in a specialized manner that allows it to stitch into the torn ligaments


What Conditions are Treated with PRP? Is It Effective?

The effectiveness of platelet rich plasma depends upon the;

  • The area of the body that is to be treated
  • The overall health of the candidate
  • The type of injury, whether it is acute such as from a fall or chronic an injury developed over time


Conditions that are well treated with Platelet Rich Plasma therapy   

  • Chronic Tendon Injuries
  • Acute Ligament and Muscle Injuries
  • Surgery
  • Knee Arthritis
  • Fractures



Platelet rich plasma is a cutting edge therapy, however, recent research is not able to derive the actual effectiveness of Platelet rich plasma, since PRP has appeared to be highly effective in treating chronic and acute pain, caused by muscles and tendon injury, though the research is being conducted to determine the effectiveness of Platelet rich plasma in other conditions. The success of Platelet rich plasma therapy is still ambiguous

The risks attached with the platelet rich plasma therapy are  negligible since your own blood is utilized, there is no such risk of a reaction from the body. For initial few days there might be increased pain at the injection site, tissue damage, infections and nerve injuries are associated with the injection


How stem cells are effective in shoulder pain

The people who experience shoulder pain, there is a leading edge therapy that offers the patient’s to get rid of chronic shoulder pain and regain the movement of the shoulder without any surgical approach and long termed physical therapy, by combining the established medicines with regenerative medicines, body’s natural ability to heal the damaged tissues and joints can be utilized to ease shoulder pain and help reclaim mobility with in least recovery time  as compared to the surgery

How Stem Cell Injections work For Shoulder Pain

The stem cell injections for shoulder pain is a procedure that only takes a few hours to complete hence the patient does not need to stay at the hospital for the whole night

The procedure starts with collecting the stem cell from the patient’s bone marrow, as the stem cells have the ability to heal the body naturally, they can easily reconstruct and remodel themselves into the type of cells and tissues that are critically required at the site of damaged joints and muscles in the shoulder

Once the stem cells are collected centrifugation is done to enrich the stem cells with the regenerative properties, then the stem cells are injected directly into the affected area of the shoulder, with the help of an x-ray or ultrasound to guide the needle into the correct place, soon after the cells are injected the process of healing the joints and tissues in the shoulder starts and the patient is allowed to return home

In most cases the patients get satisfied with a single stem cell injections and the pain is quickly relieved and never returns for the rest of the life, but in rare cases, if the shoulders are severely damaged more stem cell injections are required, along with  the stem cell injection PRP injections are also given to re energize the stem cell and increase the healing process

Conditions Treated By Stem Cell Injections

The shoulder conditions and injuries that are successfully treated with stem cell therapy are;

  • Rotator cuff
  • Biceps tendinosis
  • Chronic ligament sprain

When Do I See Results?

The results for stem cell injections are not noticeable at the initial stage, but it will take time for the shoulder  to heal properly, commonly the responses are seen within three weeks, most patients will experience pain relief, the pain will completely reduce within a couple of months as the stem cells are working on healing the shoulder

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Hip Replacement, hip surgery and other possible choices


Hip pain can be very painful to manage with daily basis and commonly needs long term pain controlling if the problem persists. Hip replacement surgery, hip surgery and hip resurfacing are generally the only medical choice patient is left with to manage their incapacitate pain. Hip surgeries are particularly very frightful and are mostly followed by months of agonizing and distress while persevering to regenerate strength and mobilization

There are several options you can undergo to avoid total hip replacement surgery, Hip replacement surgery is never so necessary, however, it can be an alternative that people can opt for if there is the right time, even for the patients who have severe arthritis but can function adequately can choose to continue with the same condition. There are several nonsurgical treatments that can help people in overcoming such condition. Hip replacement surgery is not an immediate treatment, and mostly there is no harm if you delay the surgery until you feel the right time has arrived. However, there are some special cases, but for some individuals’ hip replacement surgery is the first choice

Non surgical treatments

The patients can opt for the non surgical treatments which can avoid total hip replacement surgery, among these are physical therapy, walking aids, nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drugs, cortisone injections and joint strengthening supplements.

Hip Resurfacing

Hip resurfacing is another choice for the patients with severe arthritis, in hip resurfacing surgery the insert is smaller and the less normal bone is removed.the hip resurfacing surgery is most popular among the youngsters, the procedure is carried with as small amount of bone removed from the ball and the socket of the hip joint and a metal cap is placed on the top of the ball. The metal cap is placed similar to hip replacement surgery, but hip resurfacing saves more of the normal hip bone

Partial hip replacement

A partial hip replacement is a commonly performed procedure, but it is not effective for hip arthritis, during the partial hip replacement the ball of the ball and socket joint is replaced. The treatment is effective for particular type hip fractures in case if the ball of the hip is damaged


Resection arthroplasty is a procedure for alternative to hip replacement in which the bone around the hip joint is removed and the space is filled with scar tissues. This alternative method is allowed for the patients who have infections that can not be treated and they can not walk normally


Stem cell therapy for arthritis a better choice

Anatomy of the knee

Your knee is located  where your thigh bone and your shin bone connects. The knee joint allows the bones to move freely, but within restricted motion

The knee joint is the largest joint in the body and also one of the most complex of all the other joint. The knee joint must be strong enough to bear the weight of the whole body and must have a grip so that we can stand upright. But it also needs to act as a pivot to facilitate physical activities, including stressful workouts, twists and turns as in sports and other physical activities

What happens in knee arthritis?

Arthritis is commonly seen joint disease also known as the osteoarthritis. Arthritis can damage  the surface of your knee joint. Arthritis can also restrict the motion of your knee

The main symptoms of osteoarthritis of the knee are:

  • Severe pain when you move your knee or at the end of the day, but it usually gets better with resting
  • Stiffness particularly after rest, but stiffness is normally eased after a minute when you get moving
  • When you move your knee you experience a crunching, creaking or grinding sensation
  • Hard swelling and inflammation

Other symptoms can include:

  • Your knee becomes less stable
  • Restricted motion knees become bent and bowed
  • The muscles around the joint become feeble

Stem cells therapy for knee arthritis


How stem cells are obtained?

The human body provides the adequate supply of stem cells to regenerate and repair the damaged tissues the stem cells are preserved in the marrow cavity of your bones, which is the easiest place to harvest the stem cells. The procedure is carried out in the office of the physician. The patient lies down on the stomach as the doctor cleans the injection site before numbing the skin and the bone. An exclusive needle is injected into the bone as for the suction of bone marrow, blood, which is rich in stem cells. Once the bone marrow, blood is taken, it is processed in the centrifuge to intensify and make the stem cells clean of the unnecessary cells that are not  required. Injecting the concentrated stem cell in your arthritis attacked knees to help you heal rapidly

Is the procedure painful

The procedure is well, bearable by the patient’s it is not like bone marrow biopsy neither it is as painful as well many patients claim it as not painful

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How PRP prevents Arthritis

It has been widely observed that in arthritis and degenerative joint disease, many patients are opting for Platelet Rich Plasma therapy that is helpful in restoring hyaluronic acid and improves growth factors which improves the joint damage and stop the progression of the disease causing arthritis

Platelet Rich Plasma therapy has been very beneficial in restoring the damaged tissues and joints due to the presence growth factors that specifically treats the patients experiencing knee joint pain arthritis and osteoarthritis

What Is Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP)? 

Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) can be explained as alike, blood with an advanced combination of platelets, the combination contains more than seven growth factors. Platelet rich plasma is drawn from the patient’s own blood specifically from the bone marrow or fat tissues and then introduced to another part of the body, where the damage or disease is found to be. Since PRP contains growth factors and increase the production of collagen so it heal damaged tissues and tendons and joint pain as a result of arthritis

PRP therapy is carried out through a series of injections that assist in resolving small cuts or wounds to the tissues and tendons presented in the whole musculoskeletal system. These injuries may include wounded and broken tendons, bones, muscles and joint capsules

Several patients need to undergo treatments for a period of four to six weeks. The basic aim of PRP is to produce new blood vessels and fibrous tissues to assist in repairing, tightening and build up torn tissues and broken joints

How PRP works?

PRP is injected into the affected areas which leads to wound healing and results in the deposition of new collagen with the help of proteins, platelets, plasma and white blood cells

Some PRP therapies consists of a high combination of stem cells that is injected into the affected areas the stem cells also work as a healing agent

The new collagen tightens with time and hence tightens the damaged ligaments or tendons strengthening it

PRP therapy is much more diverse than ordinary blood samples because it contains much higher combinations of platelets and growth factors. For instance, normal blood has about 6 percent platelets while PRP has about 94 percent of growth factors and Platelets.

PRP consists of proteins and cytokines and other bio active aspects that stimulates the natural healing process, including that of the skin and tissues or bones