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What you need to know about knee replacement

Overview

A total knee replacement is an invasive therapy, by which the ailing knee joint is restored with an imitation substance. The knee is like a pivot joint that facilitate movement at the specific location where the thigh meets the lower leg. The thigh bone joins with the large bone of the lower leg at the knee joint  

How the procedure is performed

While performing the total knee replacement procedure, the edge of the femur bone is detached and restored with a metal covering, the  edge of the lower leg bone is also evacuated and restored with a transmitting plastic material with a metal support. A plastic button may also be joined beneath the kneecap depending on the condition of the knee joint. The imitation substance of the knee joint is called prosthesis

The back cross tendons are tissues that usually balances both the sides of the knee joint so that the lower leg might not be able to glide backward with the thigh bone, in the total knee replacement surgery the certain ligaments are restored, aborted or replaced by polyethylene substance. The total knee replacement is available with a variety of alternates along with certain side effects and benefits

Consideration for total knee replacement

The total knee replacement is ideal for candidates whose knee joints are degenerated by arthritis, sudden fall or any other orthopedic disease. The most reported cause of opting total knee replacement is the osteoarthritis of the knees

Despite of the cause the symptoms of intolerable pain and decreased mobility, hindrances in the routinely tasks encourage sufferers to consider the option of total knee replacement. Taking a decision for total knee replacement is not convenient enough. The patients should consider the potential risks as well as the benefits of  the total knee replacement procedure

What are the risks of undergoing a total knee replacement?

 

As with the surgery,there are several risks attached. The total knee replacement also brings some potential risks that cannot be neglected which include

  • Blood clots
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain which may lead to shock
  • Urinary tract infections
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Knee pain
  • Liver damage

 

Post operative care

Soon after the surgery, ensure the following post operative care procedures

  • Participate in light exercises
  • Take special protection against injury and fall
  • Visit the orthopedic in a month
  • Before any dental procedure make sure you take a visit with you knee surgeon
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Possible choices to knee surgery

Before opting for knee surgery, you might work for several alternatives to relieve pain and swelling in  your knee

Behavior change

The initial alternative to knee surgery that is recommended by most of the physicians is behavior change towards the way of living, the behavior change activities may include weight loss, prevention from intense activities such as running, twisting or such activities that trigger knee pain and injury. Change in activities and reducing the stress on your knee might aid in relieving pain

Physical therapy

Light workout and physical therapy may be taken to strengthen tissues and improve mobility, workout may include muscle strengthening activities such as riding and stretching exercises, workout may restore your muscles and relieve pain

Medications

Knee arthritis is  caused by inflammation in the knee joint as the bones rub against each other because of the damaged cartilage tissues, reducing the swelling and damage of the tissues in the knee can give temporary comfort from pain and knee surgery can be delayed

Anti inflammatory drugs such as NSAID is prescribed to reduce inflammation of the joint. Other options may be Platelet rich plasma injections and steroid injections by injecting the agents directly into the inflamed joint

Joint fluid therapy

Drug therapies may have side effects and since the pain killers are only able to reduce pain to a certain limit

The Joint fluid therapy procedure is carried by introducing a series of injections directly into the knee joint. The therapy intends to improve greasing in the knee by replacing the synovial fluid that helps in lubrication of the knee. These treatments are ideal for candidates who have failed to treat arthritis from pain killers and physical therapy

Bracing

Wearing a brace may provide external support to the knee joint. Braces are instruments made of plastic, metal, leather or foam and are specifically designed to support knee joint, minimize pain and swelling. And strengthen the muscles of the knee. The braces put pressure on the surface of the knee allowing the joint to reorganize, which consequently cut back the friction between the bones and minimize pain and increase motion

Conclusion

There are several non surgical options for treating knee pain and arthritis, these methods can delay knee surgery  by granting short term relief. However, the drug therapy is concerned with several side effects

Non surgical procedures may also have limited results compared to the long-term results of knee surgery.