STEMCELL blog

Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) one solution to many problems

Overview

Blood is composed of liquid called plasma. The plasma contains small solid components, red cells, white cells and platelets, the platelets are known as the best component for the clotting of blood, along with these platelets contain several growth factors and proteins that are very important in the healing of injuries

Platelet rich plasma is 5 to 10 times more concentrated with the growth factors as compared to the normal blood

To prepare the PRP, blood is harvested from the patient’s body, the platelets are separated from other blood elements and is concentrated by spinning in a centrifuge, the process of preparing PRP is called centrifugation, the processed blood is then combined with the other blood components and injected into the affected area of the patient’s body

How Does PRP Work?

The growth factors in Platelet Rich Plasma have proved to be beneficial in boosting up the healing process

The PRP combined with a local anesthetic  is injected directly into the damaged tissues and tendons. For the initial few weeks the patient may experience increased pain, however the pain fades afterwards and the candidate will experience are minimized pain and increased mobility

Another method of using the PRP injection is after surgery for some injuries,

For instance:

An athlete having a completely torn heel tissue might require  surgery to repair the tendons, healing of the torn tendon might improve by treating it PRP, hence for this indication PRP is prepared  in a specialized manner that allows it to stitch into the torn ligaments

 

What Conditions are Treated with PRP? Is It Effective?

The effectiveness of platelet rich plasma depends upon the;

  • The area of the body that is to be treated
  • The overall health of the candidate
  • The type of injury, whether it is acute such as from a fall or chronic an injury developed over time

 

Conditions that are well treated with Platelet Rich Plasma therapy   

  • Chronic Tendon Injuries
  • Acute Ligament and Muscle Injuries
  • Surgery
  • Knee Arthritis
  • Fractures

 

Conclusion

Platelet rich plasma is a cutting edge therapy, however, recent research is not able to derive the actual effectiveness of Platelet rich plasma, since PRP has appeared to be highly effective in treating chronic and acute pain, caused by muscles and tendon injury, though the research is being conducted to determine the effectiveness of Platelet rich plasma in other conditions. The success of Platelet rich plasma therapy is still ambiguous

The risks attached with the platelet rich plasma therapy are  negligible since your own blood is utilized, there is no such risk of a reaction from the body. For initial few days there might be increased pain at the injection site, tissue damage, infections and nerve injuries are associated with the injection