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The concerns, risks and complications involved in surgery

Surgery is literally defined as “the treatment of injuries or disorders of the body by incision or manipulation especially with instruments.” Nobody looks forward to surgery. After all, who would ever want to go under the knife? But there is more than this to be feared of. Once the cut is open, the range of surgical procedures might lead to risks of complications. From energy-sapping fatigue to potentially fatal blood clots, there are many that can feel oneself in a nightmare kind-of situation.

Understanding the risks of surgery

Anyone who is planning to have a surgery his/her biggest concern would be about the final outcome of it. Whether he will be perfectly alright after it? How much will be the recovery period? How long does he have to stay in the hospital? Will your life be improved by the procedure or do the risks will outweigh the rewards? Actually no surgery is risk free, but to comprehend the complications beforehand can help make a better decision.

8 Common Surgery Complications

  1. Pain

This is the most likely thing that one can feel while in a surgery or after it. But the question is how much pain there will be? Pain depends on the types of surgery. By observation it is said that post-operation pain is much lower as compared to the pain after the procedure is carried out.

  1. Partially Collapsed lung

This is a very common complication experienced by many after surgery. It occurs when a patient is not able to breathe in enough air to fill the lungs. Like patients say “It hurts while breathing”.

  1. Blood Clots

Mostly clots occur after orthopedic procedures, but they can occur in any patient. Smokers, obese people and those who are immobile are very likely to have blood clots, which usually forms in legs.

However, these clots can also migrate towards the lungs and can cause a potentially fatal pulmonary embolism.

Alarming signs include swelling in the affected leg, shortness of breath and chest pain.

  1. Fatigue and Lack of Energy

This is something that demotivates patients’ after a surgery. After the surgery and when they get discharged they usually expect that they would be able to get right back to work. But the anesthesia causes fatigue that can last for some time and the energy levels as well will take time to get back to normal.

  1. Muscle Atrophy

While in a treatment you are continuously on bed rest and the exercise or body work-out amount is negligible. This can weaken the muscles. Due to this surgeons advise patients to try to get out of bed and onto their feet as soon as possible.

  1. Anesthesia Effects

This may prevent you from feeling pain during the procedure. But by doing this, it has its own set of unpleasant factors. Most people do just fine but the older people feel quite confused under the anesthesia effect.

  1. Delirium

After surgery, mostly patients feel confused and fuzzy but they quickly regain their activeness as the anesthesia wears off. However some patients experience state of confusion. This is especially common in older patients in the first week after surgery or it may even persist for months.

  1. Infection

After surgery some people experience complications in the form of infections. Particularly tough to treat are infections caused by methicillin-resistant; a bacteria that resists some antibiotics. In hospitals, people who have undergone surgery are most vulnerable to such infections.

Complications following surgery are often spotted before leaving the hospital. However, there are some complications, seen after the patient is discharged. For on-time treatment and to avoid any further worsening complications do approach your surgeon, if you feel any kind of abnormality that concerns you.

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