September 3rd 2019    
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The knee is a complicated joint. It moves like a door hinge, allowing a person to bend and straighten their legs so they can sit, squat, jump, and run. Knee joint has made up of three parts; the femur which is commonly known as the thighbone is at the top of the knee joint. The shinbone or tibia makes up the bottom of the knee joint. The patella or kneecap covers the meeting point between the femur and tibia. Bones, cartilage, ligaments and tendons collectively forms knee. The cartilage is the tissue that cushions the bones of the knee joint, helping ligaments slide easily over the bone, also protecting the bones from impact. Ligaments act as rope, holding the bones together and stabilizing them. There are four ligaments in the knee. Tendons connect the muscles that support the knee joint to bones in the upper and lower leg.

Types of knee injuries

There are many different types of knee injuries. Out of which 10 are most common; Fractures, Anterior cruciate ligament injuries, Dislocation, Meniscal tear, Bursitis, Tendonitis, Tendon tears, Collateral ligament injuries, Iliotibial band syndrome and Posterior cruciate ligament injuries. Knee injury may occur due to Fractures. Any of the bone in or around the knee can be fractured. The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) runs diagonally down the front of the knee, providing critical stability to the joint. Injuries to the ACL can be serious and require surgery. Athletes are more prone to suffer from ACL injuries. Dislocation of the knee bones from their proper placement can also be the reason of knee injury. Tendonitis or inflammation in the knee is known as patellar tendinitis. This is an injury to the tendon that connects the kneecap to the shinbone. Collateral ligaments connect the thighbone to the shinbone. Collateral ligament injuries are a common problem for athletes. Iliotibial band syndrome is also common in athletes especially in long-distance runners and it is caused when the iliotibial band, which is located on the outside of the knee. The posterior cruciate ligament is located at the back of the knee. This ligament keeps the shinbone from moving too far backward. Posterior cruciate ligament injuries occur when powerful force hits while knee is in the bent position. Often occurs due to accident.

Knee injuries can often results into Arthritis

Arthritis is associated with pain and swelling of a joint. There are over 100 types of arthritis, and some of them are common in knee.
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common type of knee arthritis. It happens when the protective cartilage that covers the bones wears away. As the cartilage erodes the bones of the knee joint start to rub together.
Post-traumatic arthritis; Old injuries to the knee and surrounding joints can continue to affect a person and cause post-traumatic arthritis. This is the type of arthritis that can develop after an injury.
Gouty arthritis; Gout is a form of arthritis in which uric acid crystals collect in the joints, including the knee joint. The crystals are like tiny needles to the knee joint. They can trigger inflammation, pain, and swelling.
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