What Is Osteoarthritis And How It Affects Your Joints?

  November 12th 2019    
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Osteoarthritis is the most common chronic condition of the joints which is affecting approximately 27 million Americans. OA most often occurs in older people, although it can occur in adults of any age. Sometimes it is also called as degenerative joint disease or degenerative arthritis.
Osteoarthritis can affect any joint, but it occurs most often in hips, lower back and neck, knees, hips, small joints of the fingers and the bases of the thumb and big toe. OA is the leading cause of infirmity or disability.

Who’s affected with OA?

Common risk factors of osteoarthritis are;
• Obesity
• Overuse of the joints
• Increasing age
• Previous joint injury such as torn cartilage, ligament injuries and dislocated joints
• Weak thigh muscles
• Bone deformities
• Certain metabolic diseases
• Sex (women suffers more)
• Genetics

Symptoms

Symptoms associated with osteoarthritis vary depending upon the joint which is affected and how severely affected. Affected joints may get swollen, especially after being performed the extended activity. Common symptoms of osteoarthritis which felt on all joints include;
• Cracking or clicking sound when a joint bends
• Mild swelling around a joint
• Pain that becomes worse after activity or toward the end of the day
• Stiffness that goes away after movement or limited range of motion
• Tenderness or discomfort when pressing on the area with your fingers
• Inflammation
• Stiffness

How do you know if you have osteoarthritis?

Your doctor will collect some information about medical history to confirm the osteoarthritis. Diagnostic measures of osteoarthritis are;
• Health history and symptoms (Location of the pain, stiffness or other symptoms, Description of the symptoms, How the symptoms affect daily activities)
• Physical examinations (the doctor will examine the joints and test their range of motion)
• Diagnostic tests (MRI,X-ray and Joint aspiration)

Treatment options

The type of osteoarthritis treatment that will help you the most will largely be determined by the severity of your symptoms and their location.
Home treatments and life style changes for osteoarthritis include;
• Exercise like physical activity use to strengthen the muscles around your joints and may help to relieve stiffness. Aim for at least 20 to 30 minutes of physical movement, at least every other day.
• Heat and cold therapy relieve stiffness and muscle pain.
• Adequate sleep
• Weight loss

Medications for osteoarthritis

• NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) used to reduce swelling as well as pain
• Oral analgesics reduces pain but not they are not helpful in swelling
• Topical analgesics help to numb the joint area and can provide pain relief, especially for mild osteoarthritis pain.
The Chicago Stem Cell Therapy Center is offering patients a diversity of treatments and services for facilitate fighting the symptoms of aging, increasing the longevity, and optimize quality of life through revolutionary regenerative medicine, and other advanced treatments.
For further details call us on 815-412-6174

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